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Date Name
1073-1142 Abelard, Pierre

Abelard, Pierre, scholastic philosopher, theologian and preeminent logician. Author of “Sic et Non” (Yes and No). Richard the Lionheart has been termed Richard Yes and No.
1081-1151 Abbot Suger

Abbot Suger, abbot of Saint-Denis. Biographer of Louis VI, and councilor to Louis VI and Louis VII of France. Served as regent of France during the Second Crusade.
1140-1206 Adele of Champagne

Adele of Champagne, third wife of Louis VII of France and mother of Louis’ only son and heir, the future Philip II.
1160-1220 Alys Capet

Alys Capet, second daughter of Louis VII of France and Constance of Castile. Betrothed as a child to Richard the Lionheart. Eventually marrying the count of Ponthieu.
1187-1203 Arthur of Brittany

Arthur of Brittany, regarded as Richard the Lionheart’s heir until he was captured by King John and subsequently disappeared.
1160-1202 Aymar of Angouleme

Arthur of Brittany, regarded as Richard the Lionheart’s heir until he was captured by King John and subsequently disappeared.
1158-1212 Baldwin de Bethune

Baldwin de Bethune, count of Aumale. Devoted follower of Richard the Lionheart and accompanied him on the Third Crusade. Also served as a hostage after Richard’s release from captivity.
1167-1230 Berengaria of Navarre

Berengaria of Navarre, Queen of England (1191-1199). Wed Richard the Lionheart in Cyprus in the Third Crusade. Died without issue.
1090-1153 Bernard of Clairvaux

Bernard of Clairvaux, (saint) founding member of the austere Cistercian monasticism. Promoter of the Knights Templar and the Second Crusade.
1140-1215 Bertran de Born

Bertran de Born, Lord of Hautefort in the Limousin and major troubadour of the Twelfth Century. Master of the sirventes. Sided with Richard the Lionheart in rebellion against his father, King Henry II.
1188-1252 Blanche of Castile

Blanche of Castile, Queen of France (consort to Louis VIII), grand daughter of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Henry II. Mother of Saint Louis IX.
1093-1158 Conrad III of Germany

Conrad III, the first King of Germany of the Hohenstaufen Dynasty. Son of Duke Frederick I of Swabia and Agnes.
1146-1192 Conrad of Montferrat

Conrad, Marquis of Montferrat, contender with King Guy of Lusignan for the crown of Jerusalem. Assassinated shortly before he was crowned
1154-1198 Constance of Sicily

Constance of Sicily, Queen regnant 1154-1191. Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire , 1191-1197. Wife of Henry VI of Germany. Mother of “The Wonder of the World” Frederick II.
1142-1190 Cretien de Troyes

Cretien de Troyes French poet and trouvere. Originator of the Arthurian Romances introducing the character of Lancelot.
1122-1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine

Eleanor of Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine, countess of Poitou, Queen of France (as wife of Louis VII, and queen of England (as wife of Henry II). Mother of Richard the LIonheart.
1162-1214 Eleanor Plantagenet

Eleanor Plantagenet, second daughter of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Mother of Blanche of Castile. Marries future King Louis VIII, Grandmother of Saint Louis IX.
1127-1153 Eustace of Boulogne

Eustace of Boulogne, count of Boulogne, son and heir of King Stephen of England. His death in 1153 made it possible for Henry II to ascend the throne.
1122-1190 Frederick Barbarossa

Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor (1155-1190) struggled with the Church, the Lombards and the German nobility. Died on route to the Holy Land during the Third Crusade.
1113-1151 Geoffrey of Anjou

Geoffrey of Anjou, Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine. Wed to Matilda, daughter of King Henry I (Beauclerc). Father of Henry II and founder of the Plantagenet line.
1158-1186 Geoffrey Plantagenet

Geoffrey Plantagenet, Duke of Brittany. Fourth son of King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Rebelled against his father. Geoffrey’s son, Arthur, was born posthomously.
1152-1212 Geoffrey the Bastard

Geoffrey the Bastard, Archbishop of York. Illegitimate son of Henry II of England. Half-brother of Richard the Lionheart.
1146-1223 Gerald of Wales

Gerald of Wales, or Giraldus Cambrensis. Chronicler, royal clerk and chaplain to King Henry II of England.
1129-1194 Guy of Lusignan

Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem as husband of Sibylle of Jerusalem. After the disasterous Battle of Hittin, King Guy wrestled for the crown with Conrad of Montferrat.

To Be Continued

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