"I am a soldier of Christ. I must not fight." St Martin.
The Octogenarian Bishop of Tours, Martin, dies at Candes and is buried at Tours, attended by two thousand monks.
Establishment of capital of western empire at Ravenna.
During a gladiatorial show in the Colosseum in Rome, a Christian monk, Telemachus tried to stop the combat but was killed by angry spectators. Emperor Honorius then closed down all the gladiator schools in Rome.
The Great invasion of Vandals, Sueves, and Burgundians across the Rhine.
Huns drive out Vandals from the Oder River on the Baltic Sea. The Vandals flee south into Gaul where they are defeated by Roman commander Flavius Constantine.
The Vandals flee to Spain where they resist Roman attacks.
Roman troops leave London.
Britain becomes independent.
The legions of Roman soldiers occupying Britain are recalled to defend Rome against the waves of Barbarians.
The Goths led by Alaric invade Northern Italy forcing the local populations of Veneto to shelter on the islands of the lagoons and to settle there.
A young Gothic general in the Roman army led another rebellion. The Visigoths enter the gates of Rome and sack the Eternal City for three days.
The crown and title Roman Emperor, Caesar, Czar, Kaiser is taken to Magog "the Land of the Goths".
Emperor Honorius calls on Britons to defend themselves.
Foundation of Monasteries of Marseilles (John Cassian) and Lerins (Honoratus).
St Cassius at Marseilles.
Greeks invent the catapult. The first artillery weapon.
Visigoths settle in Aquitaine with capital at Toulouse.
The Veneto claim the outcroppings and lagoons.
St Augustine completes his book on The City of God. The consolation of Christianity.
'The City of God' (L: De Civitate Dei) is a book written by Augustine of Hippo in the early 400's dealing with issues concerning God, martyrdom, Jews, and other Christian philosophies. It was written soon after Rome was sacked by the Visigoths.
Jus ad bellum (Just War). "An Offensive War" is just when waged against a state that refuses to make reparations for wrongs committed or fails to return seized property." - Bishop Augustine of Hippo.
80,000 Vandals, in the largest sea-borne movement of a barbarian people, land near Tangier.
A Germanic people known as Vandals invade the Roman province of Carthage in North Africa and rule as an independent kingdom.
Death of St Augustine.
Condemnation of Nestorian heresy in the east and rise of Monophysite heresy.
The basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore is built in Rome.
Attila the Hun comes to power after murdering his brother.
Reign of Attila, king of the Huns, who laid waste to large parts of Europe contributing to local tribes being pushed further westward.
The Theodosian Code is compiled by the Byzantine emperor, Theodosius.
With the sack of Carthage, Vandals control most of North Africa. Building a large naval base, they raid the major cities of the western Mediterranean.
Settlement of Burgundians in Savoy.
The Merovingians rule the Frankish kingdom.
Foundation of English Settlements in Britain.
Under the leadership of Attila, the Huns, a nomadic equestrian tribe from central Asia, invade northern Europe and the Eastern Roman Empire pushing the local inhabitants westward.
Attila the Hun raids Gaul and Italy and builds his palace in Hungary. Angles, Saxons and Jutes from northern tribes of Germanic Goths push westward and begin invading Scotland displacing the local inhabitants of 'painted people' the Picts. The Angles claimed the territories of East Anglia, Mercia and Northumbria.
Appeal by Britons to Aetius for help against the Saxons.
The territories of the West, South and East Saxons gave rise to the counties of Wessex, Sussex and Essex respectively.
Christian kingdom of Axum in Ethopia at the height of its power.
Defeat of Attila and the Huns near Chalons-sur-Marne.
Formulation of orthodox christological doctrine at Council of Chalcedon.
Invasion of northern Italy by Huns led by Attila. The Huns withdraw and Venice is founded. The army of Attila the Hun is defeated by the Romans in Gaul. Pope Leo tries to persuade Attila not to destroy Rome.
Upon his death the territory of Hungary would be his legacy.
Frankish King Meroveus kills Atilla the Hun engendering the Merovingian Dynasty.
Murder of Roman general Aetius.
Rome is mercilessly sacked again by the Vandals in 455 AD. Effectively ending the Roman Empire ruled from Rome.
Visigothic hegemony in Spain established by King Theoderic the Second.
Pope Leo establishes Roman primacy over the Catholic Church. His chair as Bishop of Rome is the cathedral of St John in Lateran.
The vacuum caused by the redeployment of troops to Rome was filled with itinerant tribes of Scots sweeping down from the north, plundering and causing mayhem from Hadrian's Wall to Northumbria. Irish tribes moved in from the west to wreck havoc on the mainland.
The Huns expanded their provinces pushing Germanic Saxons westward. Angles crossed the channel to take control of the south and Londonium, the capital of Roman Brittania.
The Venetian islands form a council of their own representatives to govern their affairs.
Assassination of Alan general Aspar; reduction of barbarian influence in east.
Germanic warriors led by Odoacer overthrow Emperor Romulus Augustulus bringing the Western Roman Empire to an end. The Eastern Roman Emperor, or Byzantine Emperor, Zeno claims to be Odoacer's overlord and as such ruler of both empires, but he is ignored. The Western Roman Empire will last another thousand years.
Start of the European Dark Ages.
St Benedict of Nursia.
The Franks, Ostrogoths deriving their name from the weapons they bore; small throwing axes. These weapons had a short haft and a small square shaped head called 'francisa'. The warriors who used them were called 'Franks'.
Death of King Childeric of the Franks, and the accession of Clovis.
Although little more than a tribal chieftain Clovis, 481 to 511, conquers and unified Gaul into a powerful Christian state. Leader of the Salian Dynasty of Franks, Clovis expels the last Roman governor of Gaul, becoming the first King of France.
"Religionem imperare non possumus, quia nomo cogitur ut credat inuitus." - (We cannot
command religion, for no man can be compelled to believe anything against his will.)
-Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoth.
Theodoric the Great, leader of the Ostrogoth (Eastern Goths) assassinates Odoacer and takes his place as ruler of large parts of Italy.
Conversion of Clovis, King of the Franks, to Christianity.
"For it is certain that Britons, at the last, shall have this land again." Merlin.
Prophet and magician of Celtic tradition, Merlin's birth was from an unfortunate beautiful girl and the Devil at Salisbury where medieval tradition credits Merlin with the magical construction of Stonehenge.
It is about this time Uther Pendragon successfully invaded Britain from Brittany in Gaul.
Arthur is son of Uther Pendragon (Pendragon: chief leader in war). On Christmas Day, the young Arthur draws the sword from the stone. Guided by Merlin the Magician, Arthur unites the Britons by force of arms. The knightly code is established: courage, loyalty, honesty, courtesy and charity.
Morgan Le Fay is Arthur's half-sister and mother of Mordred. Arthur and Mordred inflict fatal wounds on each other in the Last Battle of Camlann which ended the Age of Camelot. Suspecting his dire fate, Arthur asks Sir Belvedere, his faithful knight, to throw the magic sword Excalibur back into the lake from whence it came.
Merlin, Morgan le Fay and Taliesin accompany the mortally wounded Arthur across the water to Avalon, the kingdom of the living dead, guided by Barinthus so that Arthur may one day rise again from his eternal slumber and triumph over the forces of chaos once again. Three queens attend to Arthur; the Queen of the Waste Lands, the Queen of Northgales, and the Lady of the Lake.
King Arthur and Queen Guinevere are buried in a church at the site of the Holy Grail in Glastonbury, England. Excalibur, the enchanted sword of the Britons is buried with them along with a lead cross bearing the inscription. 'Here lies Arthur, the famous king in the Island of Avalon.'